Ernst Haeckel; 1834 - 1919, German naturalist and philosopher. Pithecanthropus and Ecolog.
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Ernst Haeckel, 1908: "The beauty of forms in nature" (German Kunstformen der Natur) - lithographic book by Ernst Haeckel. Originally published in the period from 1899 to 1904 in sets of 10 prints, full version of the 100 prints released in 1904. Many of the organisms depicted in the book were first described by Haeckel. Total based on sketches and watercolor sketches Haeckel was manufactured more than 1000 engravings, the best of which were selected for the book and translated into printed form lithographer Adolphe Giltchem. Said a student of Haeckel by Olaf Braydbaha, who was editor of new media "forms of beauty in nature", it "was not just a book with illustrations, but also a reflection of his views on the world." The forms of life were selected to demonstrate the perfection of their organization, ranging from naturalistic sketches of fish and ammonites to highly symmetrical medusae and microorganisms. At the same time each page was assembled in such a way to visually capture the maximum representatives of one species or family of living beings. Among the important pages can be noted that, which shows Radiolaria. Haeckel contributed to their popularity among fans microscopy, inserting in almost every set. Also common in the book pages with images goad, such as sea anemones, Siphonophorae, diskomeduzy and others. The first set included images of jellyfish Desmonema annasethe (= Cyanea annasethe), which Haeckel discovered and described soon after the death of his wife Anna Seth. The book had a great influence on art and architecture of the early XX century. In particular, many of modernism tried to reproduce some of those beautiful forms that were depicted Haeckel. Including, Rene Binet, Karl Blossfeldt, Hans Christiansen, Emil Galle. One notable example of such an effect may be called the Amsterdam Stock Exchange Berlage building, designed by Hendrik Petrus Berlage partly under the influence of "the beauty of forms in nature."
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