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- Morisot Berthe (1841-1895) - French artist, risovalschitsa, akvarimistka, a spokeswoman for Impressionism. Lightweight, light-filled and joyous sense of life painting B. Morisot creating enticing images that evoke the soul of a sense of harmony and beauty.
- Extremely talented granddaughter Jean O. Fragonard, she studied painting with Corot, working with him in the open air. For the first time her work has been exhibited at the Salon in 1864, when Bertha was only 23 years. In 1868, the Louvre, she met with Manet, and in 1874 married his brother Eugene. Facial features are well-known B. Morisot experts and researchers of contemporary art, as it is often portrayed in his paintings, Manet. Impressed by communicating with them B. Morisot is adjacent to the Impressionists and the famous exhibition of 1874 shows nine of his works, one of which was a picture of "The Cradle" (1872, Musee d'Orsay, Paris). Unlike traditional medieval times images of Mary with baby Jesus, a picture drawn by B. Morisot her contemporary, guarding their sleeping baby sleep.Gives a special charm to the picture a bluish-red light coming through the thin air curtains and staining canopy crib pale pink.
- B. Morisot never aspired to the nudity, it was alien to a noisy and chaotic world of nightclub, theater, and the streets of Paris. Contents of her work is limited to topics of interest to women of respectable bourgeois family: motherhood, home comfort, garden, village, walking outdoors (portrait of mother and sister of the artist, 1869-1870, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, "Hide and Seek", 1873, private collection, "Dining Room", 1886, the National Gallery of Art, Washington). Very gently intrudes into the domain of women Morisot sensuality, depicting women in a toilet ("Woman of a toilet", ca. 1875, Art Institute of Chicago, "The woman behind the toilet, pudryaschaya his face", 1877-1879, Musée d'Orsay, Paris). Lightweight, light-filled and joyous sense of life painting B. Morisot creating enticing images that evoke the soul of a sense of harmony and beauty.
- Why it is considered the first female impressionist?
In mid-April 1874 in the studio photographer Nadar exhibition, literally blew the artistic life of Paris. Thirty young artists exhibited 165 works, so different from those that are accustomed to French connoisseurs of painting. Around a new direction, called Impressionism, immediately there is a ferocious debate. rewashing bone young rebels from painting, newspapermen did not fail to note that among them there was also a woman, Berthe Morisot, and the representative from a reputable and respectable bourgeois family. Then she remembered her grandfather, a famous French painter Jean-Honore Fragonard, who, according to newspaper men, was to roll over in his grave on the extravagant antics of his granddaughter.
- Even people who knew Burt could not immediately assess its innovative way of painting.Joseph Guichard, who has studied the basics of painting Burt, described in a letter to her mother, his impressions of the exhibition: "When I walked in, my dear Madame Morisot, I was seized with a feeling of depression at the sight of your daughter's work in this unhealthy environment ... If you look in good faith, then, of course, you can find somewhere other than work, but all of them in one way or another is not quite normal. Miss Bertha, too, was a victim of this insanity, she went astray a few brains ...». Despite this rejection of her art, Berthe Morisot with the chosen path is not turned off, and soon the time will put everything in its place, forever inscribing her name in the history of Impressionism. Bertha (Berthe Morisot) was born in January 14, 1841 in Bourges, where her father was the high post of prefect. The girl received an excellent education. Even as a child she and her sister became involved Edmoy painting. Soon the usual art classes have ceased to meet Bert, she just turned this level. Fortunately, there was her familiarity with the recognized master of French painting Camille Corot, who saw more imperfect glimpses of the works of young artist undoubted talent. Corot, not only began to give advice to Bertha, to closely monitor its emergence as an artist, but also became a friend of her family, which caused even gossip, famous as the master of reticence and unsociable. pupil did not disappoint the veteran teacher, her success in art was evident. Bertha took over much of Coro, especially the ability to send in pictures of the play of light and distinctive style of landscape painting. Already in 1864, a few landscapes of Bertha, who was only 23 years old, were exhibited at the Salon, and if it has not yet been recognized, a clear path to it. By the way, the selection of paintings for display at the Salon was very strict, but the work of Berthe Morisot exhibited there for several years. Cooperation with the salon she stopped herself when close consorted with a circle of young artists, keen to experiment with color. It was a close friend of Edouard Manet, enthusiastically refers not only to paintings of Bertha, but also to itself. Man has created more than a dozen portraits of Berthe, but when she married his younger brother Eugene, write it stopped. And it all happened in the opening year of the famous exhibition. It is worth noting that the painting Bertha still differ from that of other founders of impressionism, in her notes were lyrical and even sentimental, consonant with the painting of previous eras. Unlike most of the Impressionists, who wrote small strokes with a clear separation of colors, Morisot preferred to write broader free strokes, using the traditional techniques of color mixing. By the way, this way of painting used and Manet.
- Berthe Morisot paintings presented at the first Impressionist exhibition, were quite respectable. If it were not for brushwork, her paintings "The Cradle", "Hide and Seek," "Reading" (only 9 pictures) would not cause complaints. Actually, her critics, criticized the exhibition, there were fewer claims than other artists. In his works, Bert sang everyday life wealthy bourgeois family - motherhood, family life, holidays with children in nature, etc.Loyalty to the topic she retained until his death. Thus, as depicted life wealthy woman Berthe Morisot, before almost did not write. In her pictures were not of social motives and bursts of emotion, but they made ??a fresh look into the ordinary and customary events of daily life, from which emanated a warm, cozy and quiet domestic bliss. This trend was popular painting, paintings Berthe willing to buy, they always aroused the interest of the audience at shows. I was the artist's many followers around the world, especially among female artists.For fun, compare the work of Morisot and our famous compatriot Zinaida Serebryakova.
- It seemed that everything in life is going well Berthe Morisot, and in front of her waiting for long years of happy family life and work. In her welcoming home often gathered friends painters Claude Monet, Gustave Caillebotte, Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, James Whistler, Puvis de Chavannes. Younger daughter Julie is making progress in painting and obviously was going to go in the footsteps of her mother. But in 1893, died Eugène Manet, Berthe's husband, and two years later the artist herself fell ill and died suddenly March 2. She was only 54 years old. The funeral of Bertha could come many of those with whom she stood at the origins of Impressionism, and who now grieved her withdrawal from life. On those bitter days left a lot of evidence. Here's what he wrote to his son Camille Pissarro: "I stayed in Paris to be at the funeral of our old friend Berthe Morisot, and she died of influenza.You can not imagine how we were shocked and saddened by the death of this charming artist with such a lovely feminine flair adorned our Impressionist group. " It Berthe Morisot's daughter Julie continued. She really was a talented artist, and her style of painting was similar to that in which preferred to run her mother.